astronomy

Solar Eclipse



Solar Eclipse


Eclipse Date Eclipse Type Eclipse Starting Time Eclipse Ending Time Duration
Note : Solar eclipses happen when the Moon moves between Sun and Earth, blocking the Sun's rays and casting a shadow on Earth. A solar eclipse can only take place at the phase of new moon.




Solar Eclipse


One of the most dramatic performances of celestial bodies is termed as solar eclipse. Solar Eclipse is observed to happen when Sun, Moon and Earth gets aligned on the single plane and moon moves between Sun and Earth. This movement leads to full or partial covering of sun, the closest start to the Earth.
Note that Sun is a bigger planet and shadow of Moon is not big enough to mask the whole planet. Thus this covering shadow is often limited to certain specific area. This region use to change during the track of eclipse as Earth and Moon both use to follow constant motion. You must be aware of the fact that Earth follows a constant rotation about its own axis as well as it continuously revolves around Sun. On the other side, Moon follows rotation around Earth. This is the major reason behind the common fact that solar eclipse travels between different places.

Different Types of Solar Eclipses:


Probably, this is one of the happiest accidents that happen in nature. Scientists have observed four different categories of solar eclipses. The magnitude of eclipse or the amount by which disk of Sun will be masked completely depends upon the portion of Moon’s shadow that falls on Earth. Here are few details about 4 different solar eclipse classes that use to happen in nature time to time:
1. Partial Solar Eclipse:
Such type of eclipses uses to happen only when Moon partially conceals the disk of Sun and allows casting of just Penumbra on Earth’s surface.
2. Annular Solar Eclipse:
Annular Solar Eclipse happens when disk of Moon is not of large size that it can mask the complete Sun disk. In this case, the outer edges of Sun can be seen from Earth and it appears like a big fire ring in the sky. Annular eclipse use to happen when Moon is much closer to apogee and Antumbra of Moon falls over Earth.
3. Total Solar Eclipses:
The moment when the Moon use to mask the Sun completely then it is named as Total Solar Eclipse. This condition happens only when Moon becomes closer to Perigee and at this moment, orbit of the Moon use to stay closest to the surface of the Earth. It is possible to view complete solar eclipse only when viewer is standing at a location where Moon is reflecting its darkest shadow that is well known as Umbra.
4. Hybrid Solar Eclipses:
This type of solar eclipse is also popular by the name Annular-Total Eclipse. These are rarest Sun Eclipse types. This situation occurs when the annular solar eclipse changes to form a total solar eclipse or vice versa.
Note that, Solar Eclipses can be viewed from a specific area of Earth where shadow of Moon use to fall. As the person moves closer to the central location of that path of Shadow, the size of eclipse naturally appears growing larger. The darkest portion of the solar eclipse can be seen from a very limited area of Earth.